Divert Name lookups

This file was used to override calls made by an application to look up names. So if not wanting to set up address records on a SRV enabled name, compiled as gcc -shared -Wl,-soname,libdivert.so -o libdivert.so libdivert.c -ldl -fPIC

This allows the application with known problems to connect, and does not affect other applications, so SRV problems with them remain noticable. It works by intercepting calls to functions like getaddrinfo

NAT64 without DNS64

Now with a 2016 addition, do very experimental nat64 address rewriting for use with a nat64 gateway like tayga without needing to corrupt DNSSEC signed results at our resolver. Thus accesses to an IPv4 address is forced via an 64:ff9b::/96 IPv6 address range.

This is similar to Android CLAT. That needs ipv4only.arpa configerod to

This is being used very successfully with most applications tried. A few do not work with getaddrinfo interception, this is mainly the case where the app code did not consider IPv6.

This situaton is handled in socket creation and connect time.

env LD_PRELOAD=libdivert.so LD_LIBRARY_PATH=. iceweasel

Try that with chromium and we get some error: ERROR: ld.so: object 'libdivert.so' from LD_PRELOAD cannot be preloaded (cannot open shared object file): ignored.

In this case qualify the path and was working.

env LD_PRELOAD=/path/to/libdivert.so /usr/lib/chromium/chromium

Lets also monitor for library calls to see about other functions worth overriding such as to handle IPv4 literals via NAT64 as highlighted by test ipv6

2>&1 ltrace -f -e gethost*+getaddr* -p `pidof chromium | sed 's/ / -p /g'`

Some sites do not work over nat64?

If jumbograms are in use locally, and yes I would do it, it may be necessary to make an exception for nat64, if they discard fragments or suchlike.

for /etc/init.d/tayga as /etc/default/tayga had no place to put an mtu adjustment:

ip link set "$TUN_DEVICE" up mtu 65535

IPv6 carried frames are bigger:

/sbin/ip -6 route replace 64:ff9b::/96 dev nat64 mtu 1520

To useā€¦

Set environment variables to load it and choose the server to connect.

This would make ekiga look up sip.example.net if it tries to connect directly to example.net

env example.net=sip.example.net FLASH_ALSA_DEVICE=plug:SLAVE=jack LD_PRELOAD=/somewhere/libdivert.so ekiga

Therefore if your SIP server is on sip.example.net and there is no desire to add address records to example.net it will still connect.


It is possible to set up the ~/.asoundrc file to pull the default sound device from an environment variable, so that the audio device for programs that cannot be configured to use anything other than the default device and the hardware drivers can be set, such as env FLASH_ALSA_DEVICE=plug:SLAVE=jack ekiga

FLASH_ALSA_DEVICE is chosen as Adobe Flash reads it to find the ALSA device to play to.

The variable is read when the program uses ALSA, allowing different programs to use different devices.

pcm.!default { @func getenv vars [ FLASH_ALSA_DEVICE ] default "cards.pcm.default" }

pcm.jack {
        type jack
        playback_ports {
               0 alsa_pcm:playback_1
               1 alsa_pcm:playback_2
        capture_ports {
               0 alsa_pcm:capture_1
               1 alsa_pcm:capture_2

SRV is implemented here.

This server does provide SRV records for most of the addresses intended to be websites.

Try dig _http._tcp.www.wensley.org.uk SRV.

I avoid an IP address at the root of the domain, as this activates fallback mechanisms in applications and therefore prevents fixing underlying problems. So, it is needed to pick a subdomain for the site, so may as well use the www.